ARTB Bible Blog 4.4.2011 RINGS confirmed today
I saw a written-record by the right of Him that sits over the throne, signed from inside and from outside, and RINGED with seven RINGS. I saw another powerful messenger that was heralding with an upraised voice, Who-is worthy to open the written-record and to loosen its RINGS? (Revelation 5:1,2, ARTB Draft)
A note from A. Frances Werner:
What a thrilling day! Thanks to Marijm and HankM who made this blog happen!
Let's start at the top. This verse is usually translated as SEAL instead of RINGS in every other English translation and SCROLL instead of WRITTEN-RECORD, although the KJV uses the word BOOK. I had always visioned this passage as a rolled parchment scroll with 7 wax seals on the edges. So when the translinear approach came up with RINGS, I thought, how odd!
But RINGS is identical in Aramaic and Hebrew (Strong's 2885, TABBAT), so there could be no denying that the word was RINGS, not SEAL. Even in the Greek, there is a different word here only used once in the New Testament (Greek Strong's 2696, KATAPHRAGIZO) . So now I'm thinking, there are 7 RINGS over a scroll. Never heard of this before.
Would you like to see what I think is really described in Revelation 5? It is NOT scrolls. As of today, I truly believe John probably was describing RINGED booklets. The fabulous discovery of 70 metal books from the first century AD was brought to my attention by Marijm this morning. Do not miss this story**. This is like the original PowerPoint presentations of Christianity on index cards on RINGS!
Take a careful look at the pictures. Some are opened booklets with rings. But look carefully. You will see one booklet RINGED with 12 rings, unopened. My friends, who will loosen the rings? Selah!
**Appearing in the middle two hours, British scholar and author David Elkington spoke about the extraordinary discovery of 70 ancient metal religious books that could alter the world's view of biblical history (related article). Elkington, who was privileged to examine the lead tablets in person, said the books contain images and a form of paleo-Hebrew writing, measure about three to four inches across, many are sealed, and almost all appear to be authentic. "If they are forgeries, what are they forgeries of, because you don't forge something that's unique," he noted. Laboratory metallurgical tests confirmed they are of ancient provenance, he continued, adding that the book form of the metal documents points to an early Christian origin.
Thanks to HankM for pointing out this passage as we discussed the story this afternoon.
CLARIFICATION ADDED 4.5.11: A quick clarification to yesterday's note about the WRITTEN-RECORD with the RINGS. I am not suggesting that the WRITTEN-RECORD and the vision mentioned in Revelation 5 is the same as the metal books that were just discovered. The vision in Revelation 5 to my knowledge is a heavenly vision.
But I do believe that John's description of the WRITTEN-RECORD matches closly to the photographs of the metal books that were discovered, better than anything I have ever seen or imagined. Metal books appear to be a temporary technology in use at that time, quickly phased out, similar to our floppy discs for computer storage.
My excitement and enthusiasm is based upon the the solidity and veracity of the word of God: It tells the truth even when we don't completely understand it. But it's important to have the right words, so that when we see the revealed truth, we recognize it immediately. Seeing RINGS yesterday, when Revelation 5 uses the word 7 different times, and uses the phrase LOOSEN THE RINGS, made me pray for the discoverers, that they would quickly verify, validate or invalidate, and release the information ASAP!
ARTB Bible Blog 3.28.11, BELIEVE or FAITHFULLY-FOLLOW?
You have not FAITHFULLY-FOLLOWED, because you are not from my sheep, but just-as I said to you: My own sheep hear my voice and ||I|| know them and they come after me. (John 10:26-27, ARTB Draft)
A note from A. Frances Werner:
This passage about Jesus (Yeshua), our wonderful shepherd, captures an example of a specific word that I have been wrestling with all week, FAITHFULLY-FOLLOWED. This passage is typically translated using the word BELIEVE, and until this week, the ARTB Draft had employed the word BELIEVE. Here's the story I've uncovered which explains the change in my thinking.
In Greek, the Strong's number series 4100, 4102, 4103 is based on the Greek verb PISTEUO. The verb form is usually translated as the English word BELIEVE, the noun form as FAITH, and the adjective as FAITHFULNESS. The Aramaic is based upon the same core foundation as the Hebrew AMAN, BELIEVE, (Strong's 539). But the New Testament Aramaic was a mess compared to the Greek: The clear lines to use BELIEVE, FAITH, and FAITHFULNESS did not exist.
As I was attempting to figure out the discrepancy, it hit me like a lightning bolt that this series wasn't truly TRANSLINEAR because of the limitations of the English language. There simply is no natural verb for FAITHFULNESS in our language. And because of the importance of the words like BELIEVE and FAITH, I didn't think to dabble with alternatives at all for the Old Testament.
But a second lightning bolt hit me one morning: The words BELIEVE and FAITH mean something different to me than FAITHFULNESS. It is one of the oddest anomalies in the English language that having FAITH (BELIEVING) in someone has nothing to do with being FAITHFUL. Let me give you an example.
I absolutely BELIEVE that eating a healthy diet and doing exercise is true, and is a smart thing to do. I absolutely BELIEVE that cigarette smoking can cause early death. But if I am not FAITHFULLY-FOLLOWING those truths, my BELIEVING is worthless.
Now, flip this to a faith statement: I absolutely BELIEVE in God Almighty and all the truths contained in sacred scripture. Altar calls often say to BELIEVE in the name of the Messiah, the Lord Jesus, and we will be saved, because ministers are accurately quoting our current English-based scripture. But isn't it true that if I am not FAITHFULLY-FOLLOWING what Yahweh tells me to do, my BELIEVING is worthless?
I reflected that demons BELIEVE that Jesus (Yeshua) is the Messiah, the son of God, but they certainly don't FAITHFULLY-FOLLOW him. This scripture from John actually makes more sense to me with this change. As his sheep, we FAITHFULLY-FOLLOW--we go after Him.
I am not finished with my review, and I realize that this comment may stir up some controversy. The simple message is this: I strongly think this word series needs to be based upon the word FAITHFULNESS exclusively, with the word FAITHFULLY-FOLLOWING as a verb form, and FAITHFUL-FOLLOWERS as the noun. Try this on in your own statement of faith and compare it to other scriptures that you know. May we not only BELIEVE our Good Shepherd, but FAITHFULLY-FOLLOW him!
ARTB Bible Blog 3.21.11, Solving the mystery of GOPHER wood
You make a box of GOPHER wood and make NESTS in the box. Atone its housing on the outside with henna. (Genesis 6:14, ARTB)
A note from A. Frances Werner:
My last blog posting dealt with the second half of this verse, commenting on the words ATONE and HENNA. I mentioned that there had to have been waterproofing materials used on the ark. But HENNA is not a waterproofing material like the bitumen and pitch. So where is it?
The word GOPHER (Strong's 1613) has been a mystery for many years. There has never been a species of tree that matches to this designation, and since it appears only once in the entire scriptures, it has been very difficult to discern. I believe a credible answer is found in ARAMAIC. Jastrow's Dictionary*, page 263 shows the entry to mean "to make water-tight", "sulphur [or bitumen, pitch]".
The Hebrews were not shipbuilders. The famous shipbuilders were to the north, in Lebanon, closer to the center of the Aramaic world. I believe Yahweh was instructing Noah to build a boat with WATERPROOFED wood. Further evidence comes from a book on EMULSIONS** which explain that the word bitumen is what we call asphalt in the US. Combining bitumen and sulphur make it a longlasting waterproofing emulsion.
I know from working in the rubber chemical industry supporting the tire business that SULFUR was the key ingredient to make rubber sap solidify to the product we know as RUBBER. So, a WATERPROOFING product made of sulphur and bitumen seems like a very credible answer.
The other fun word is the word NEST (QEN, Strong's 7064). It is used 13 times in the Old Testament, and 9 times in the Aramaic New Testament. Most other versions use the word ROOM here, even though they generally use the word NEST everywhere else. Isn't that a lovely word from a nurturing God?
*Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature, Marcus Jastrow 1945, reprinted in 2005, Hendrickson Publishers.
**Emulsions and emulsion stability, Johan Sjöblom, 2005 CRC Press. More information on emulsions can be found online by typing the combination SULFUR BITUMEN EMULSIONS.
Just published this at the discussion site on GOPHER wood at wikipedia if you'd like to join the discussion: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Gopher_wood#New_theory:_GOPHER_is_an_Aramaic_word_for_WATERPROOFING_involving_sulphur_and_bitumen.
ARTB Bible Blog 3.17.11, Was Noah's Ark RED?
ATONE its housing on the outside with HENNA. (Genesis 6:14, ARTB)
A note from A. Frances Werner:
This is part of the instructions from Yahweh for the construction of Noah's box, or vessel. Most other translations are closer to the KJV: "and PITCH it within and without with PITCH".
Even during the publication of the ARTB Old Testament, I was always uncomfortable including the word ATONE in the text here, because it was so odd. But it truly is the same Hebrew word KAPARET (Strong's 3727) which is used over 25 times in the Old Testament. By far, the use of the word ATONE is associated with the SANCTUARY ARK and in sacrifices for our sins. KAPARET has nothing to do with the words BITUMEN (Strong's 2564, HEMER) and PITCH (Strong's 2203, ZEPET) used in Exodus to seal Moses' box.
The word HENNA is, in fact, more odd. First of all, the Hebrew is related to the word KAPARET. The text word is KAPAR (Strong's 3724), which is why other versions utilize the same word twice. At first glance, this would appear to violate the ARTB cornerstone policy of consistently utilizing the same words throughout. But scholars believe that the word KAPAR is the word for the plant CAMPHIRE, a beautiful smelling plant that is called HENNA today.
There had to have been waterproofing materials used on the ark. But HENNA is not a waterproofing material like the bitumen and pitch. It is an ancient RED dye commonly used as a hair dye and a tatoo dye today. So is it possible that Yahweh instructed Noah to paint the vessel RED? How could that be a correct rendering of the verse?
All Jews and Christians know that the blood of the Passover lamb on the wood doorposts saved the Israelites from the angel of death. Christians believe that salvation comes from being washed in the blood of Jesus, the Lamb of God. My friends, I believe that this is the same story for Noah. His box was ATONED with a RED dye for his protection and salvation of all on the box.
Look at Passover again. Is it possible that the blood on the doorposts not only saved them from the angel of death, but that this was a HUGE signal that they were soon to experience salvation amidst a lot of water, just like Noah? Selah.
All of our modern depictions and cute sets for our children show it as a brown wooden structure. If you have young children, or are teaching Sunday school, consider painting or even just pasting a RED sheet of construction paper over your pictures and telling all the stories about RED. This is a hugely important lesson to reinforce the importance of the protection of the atoning throughout the bible.
ARTB Bible Blog 3.16.11 Japan and the GREAT FLOOD
All creatures were wiped from over the face of the earth. Humans unto animals unto reptiles and unto the birds of the heaven were wiped from the land. (Genesis 7:23, ARTB)
A note from A. Frances Werner:
On Monday, when the comparative pictures from Japan appeared on the news and in the papers, I was stunned. The pictures, especially from Google Earth, showed entire peninsulas before and after the tsunami, changed from vibrant towns to nothing but dark, deep muck. I had never before seen what it meant to be WIPED off the face of the earth. I don't ever recall photos of other events which captured the meaning of WIPED for me. This was it.
I reflected that I never had considered that the Great Flood may have contained tsunami events. But severe floods only FLOAT things around. They can be destroyed but don't disappear: Everything just settles very jumbled with a lot of mud. Floods don't WIPE towns away in the same sense that Japan has suffered.
The people in Japan are in my prayers. I'm sobered that I learned this lesson at their expense.